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Aquilegia canadensis

Wild Columbine (Canada Columbine)

It appears to be two flowers in one, an inner yellow flower surrounded by a spurred, red outer flower above the greenish-blue foliage.

  • »  Showy, nodding, bell-shaped flowers of pinkish-red and yellow
  • »  Attractive divided light green foliage
  • »  Naturalizing plant for rocky ledges or slopes and along woodland edges or ditches
  • »  Bloom Time: Mid-June to early August

  • Category:Perennials
  • Hardiness Zone:3
  • Height:40-50 cm
  • Spread:30-40 cm
  • Bloom Color: Red
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moisture
Moist to Average
Attracts Wildlife
Attracts Butterflies
Attracts Hummingbirds
Growth Rate
Flowering Time
Lt. Spr-Sum
Foliage Color
Landscape uses
Rock garden
Woodland/woods edge
Planting instructions
Container Plants
Additional Information about Aquilegia canadensis

Native to Ontario

The name aquilegia is derived from the Latin root word "aquil" which means eagle, referring to the eagle's talon-like spurs on the flowers. 

Aboriginals crushed the shiny, black seeds into a powder and mixed it with hot water to treat fevers and headaches.

Growing & Maintenance Tips for Aquilegia canadensis

Aquilegia is an easy to grow perennial, growing best in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. Extended periods of drought may cause aquilegia to go into dormancy. Deadheading will help promote more blooms. They are somewhat susceptible to leaf miner and sawfly, which disfigure the foliage. As the plants usually wane in midsummer, it is safe to cut them down, to prevent self-seeding.