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Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen (Eastern Teaberry, Checkerberry)

A creeping carpet of evergreen, dark green leaves and small, soft pink to white flowers followed by bright red fruit. Leaves will produce a strong, wintergreen scent when crushed.

  • »  Small waxy soft pink to white bell-shaped flowers
  • »  Red berries develop in early autumn and last through the winter
  • »  Aromatic evergreen dark green foliage
  • »  Foliage turns tones of burgundy and purple in the fall
  • »  Spreads only about 10 cm annually by rhizomes
  • »  Leaves produce a strong wintergreen scent when crushed
  • »  Wintergreen oil is used as an anti-inflammatory medication
  • »  Bloom Time: Spring and late summer

10cm Potted
  • Category:Perennials
  • Hardiness Zone:4
  • Height:10-15 cm
  • Spread:20-30 cm
  • Bloom Color: White
Full Shade
Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moisture
Moist to Average
Growth Rate
Flowering Time
Lt. Spr-Sum
Foliage Color
Green (dark)
Planting instructions
Container Plants
Additional Information about Gaultheria procumbens

  • Native to Ontario
  • First discovered by Native Americans,  the leaves and berries produce the oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate). This oil is a source for treating headache, colds, stomachaches, increasing energy and breathing. Its oil can be applied to relieve muscle aches, arthritis, and rheumatism. 
  • Wintergreen has also been a popular flavouring for chewing gum, candies and toothpaste.
  • Procumbens means "lying on the ground" and refers to the creeping nature of the plant.

Growing & Maintenance Tips for Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen is best grown in a consistently moist, organic, acidic soil with good drainage, in partial to full shade. Established plants can tolerate drier soils.